Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939
Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

United States v. Miller

Facts of the case

When Jack Miller and Frank Layton transported a sawed-off double-barrel 12-gauge shotgun in interstate commerce, an Arkansas federal district court charged them with violating the National Firearms Act of 1934 (“NFA”). Miller and Layton claimed that the NFA infringed on their freedom to keep and bear arms under the Second Amendment. The case was dismissed by the district court.

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Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) applies to the majority of employers. It applies to government organizations and businesses that engage in interstate commerce or provide products and services to businesses. The FLSA establishes standards for employment status, child labor, minimum wage, overtime pay, and record-keeping. It determines who is exempt from the Act (and so not covered by it) and who is not (covered by the Act). When minors are allowed to work, it imposes wage and time limits. It establishes the minimum salary and specifies when overtime must be paid.

The United States Department of Labor is responsible for enforcing the Fair Labor Standards Act. Employers who violate the Act knowingly or repeatedly may face fines of up to $10,000 per infringement. Convictions for the second time might result in a fine of $10,000 and/or a 6-month sentence.

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Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 (APA) was enacted in 1938. Quality requirements for food, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and cosmetics manufactured and sold in the United States were established by the law. The legislation also included provisions for government oversight and enforcement of these criteria. The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, which was the first law to provide for federal control of the food and pharmaceutical sectors, was repealed by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.

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Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938
Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

As Professor Yeazell has demonstrated, current Federal Rule 23 has a long history, but it is still a work in progress. Professor Rowe has described one of its “origins,” the aptly called “Bill of Peace.” My assignment is to look at the original form of Rule 23 as it appeared in the 1938 Federal Rules. That version of Rule 23 was in existence until 1966, when it was amended as part of a broad revision of the Federal Rules.

What are the Class Certification Requirements Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23? In a class action lawsuit, an attorney representing a named class of people sues on behalf of other people who may be harmed by the outcome of the case.

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Cameras in the Courts 1937, the US

Cameras in the Courts 1937, the US
Cameras in the Courts 1937, the US

Cameras in the Courts 1937, the US

Photographers lost their right to testify in court in the early 1930s as a result of a sensational trial, and it took them four decades to reclaim it. Bruno Hauptmann was on trial in New Jersey in 1934 for kidnapping and murdering the baby of famous aviator Charles A. Lindbergh and author Anne Morrow Lindbergh.

Nearly 700 reporters and photographers descended on the town. The trial judge allowed still photography, but was caught off guard by the bombardment of flashbulbs and the presence of a smuggled newsreel camera.

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FDR and the Court-Packing Plan 1937

FDR and the Court-Packing Plan 1937
The official portrait of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1947. | FDR and the Court-Packing Plan 1937

FDR and the Court-Packing Plan 1937

President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces a plan to enlarge the Supreme Court to as many as 15 judges on February 5, 1937, ostensibly to make it more efficient. Critics quickly accused Roosevelt of attempting to “stuff” the Supreme Court in order to neutralize anti-New Deal justices.

Several significant sections of New Deal legislation had been struck down by the supreme court in the preceding two years on the grounds that they ceded an unconstitutional amount of power to the executive branch and the federal government. With his overwhelming reelection in 1936, President Roosevelt proposed in February 1937 to grant full salary retirement for all members of the Supreme Court over the age of 70.

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The Federal Register 1936, the US

The Federal Register 1936, the US
Construction of the National Archives and Records Administration building in Washington, D.C., nears completion in September 1934. Two years later, NARA began daily printing of the Federal Register. | The Federal Register 1936, the US

The Federal Register 1936, the US

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882–1945)

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and the Government Publishing Office print the Federal Register (FR or Fed. Reg.) every federal working day (GPO).  Proposed and finished administrative agency rules and regulations, as well as policy statements and interpretations of existing rules, are all included in each issue. The journal also publishes notices of public hearings, grant applications, and administrative decrees, as well as presidential documents (such as executive orders). It is utilized by government officials, attorneys, corporations, and anyone who are interested in the federal government’s everyday legal and administrative activity.

The Federal Register had a total of 2,620 pages in its initial year of publication, 1936. In 2017, however, 61,950 pages were added. The GPO stated in April 2018 that it had digitized every issue of the Federal Register published between 1936 and 1994, when the government began publishing the paper both digitally and in print. The Federal Register was digitized by the GPO in 14,587 daily issues, totaling approximately two million pages of text. These digital copies are now accessible through an online archive.

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