Workers’ Compensation Law 1910

Workers’ Compensation Law 1910

Workers’ Compensation Law 1910
Charles Evans Hughes as governor of New York.
Workers’ Compensation Law 1910

A Brief History of Workers’ Compensation Laws

You have the right to choose a workers’ compensation attorney in Baltimore regardless of the circumstances surrounding your job injuries. Your workers’ compensation attorney will fight for your right to get adequate medical care and benefits if the injuries that led to your claim are serious enough to permanently affect your lifestyle or capacity to work.

It’s a good idea to familiarize familiar with the regulations and history surrounding the workers’ compensation program before filing a claim.

Adoption in the United States

Germany is responsible for the existing workers’ compensation regime in the United States. In 1884, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck introduced the first modern workers’ compensation legislation, known as Sickness and Accident Laws.

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The White-Slave Traffic Act 1910

The White-Slave Traffic Act 1910

The White-Slave Traffic Act 1910
The White-Slave Traffic Act 1910

The Mann Act of 1910 (also known as the White-Slave Traffic Act of 1910) makes it illegal to transport “any woman or girl for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral purpose.”

The Mann Act, named for Illinois Congressman James R. Mann, used the Trade Clause to make it illegal to transfer women for immoral reasons via interstate or international commerce. Prostitution, immorality, and human trafficking were all targets of the Act. In 1907, Congress established a commission to look into the subject of immigrant prostitutes. Foreign women were allegedly transported to America for sexual enslavement, and immigrant males allegedly recruited American girls into prostitution (also known as “white slavery”). The committees felt that unless a girl was drugged or held hostage, she would not enter prostitution. This sparked public anger, and the Mann Act was finally passed as a result.

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Congressional Power to Tax Income 1909

Congressional Power to Tax Income 1909

Congressional Power to Tax Income 1909
Congressional Power to Tax Income 1909

The 16th amendment, passed by Congress on July 2, 1909, and ratified on February 3, 1913, established Congress’s ability to levy a Federal income tax.

The income tax change, which has far-reaching social and economic implications, was enacted into law through a strange chain of events that culminated in a bungled political manoeuvre.

The first American income tax was enacted in 1861 in response to the financial demands of the Civil War. Congress first imposed a flat 3-percentage-point tax on all incomes above $800, but subsequently changed this premise to include a tiered tax. The income tax was repealed by Congress in 1872, but the notion remained.

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Women in Factories 1908: Muller v. Oregon

Women in Factories 1908: Muller v. Oregon

Women in Factories 1908: Muller v. Oregon
Women in Factories 1908: Muller v. Oregon

Muller v. State of Oregon

Muller v. State of Oregon, a 1908 U.S. Supreme Court case that, although appearing to support the health and welfare of female employees, actually resulted in extra protective legislation that was destructive to workplace equality for years. The issue was a 1903 Oregon legislation prohibiting women from working more than 10 hours in a single day. Curt Muller, the proprietor of a laundry, was fined $10 in 1905 for allowing a supervisor to force Mrs. E. Gotcher to work more than 10 hours.

Muller’s counsel, William D. Fenton, argued in front of the United States Supreme Court that the Act violated Mrs. Gotcher’s Fourteenth Amendment right to due process by prohibiting her from freely contracting with her employer. However, the state’s counsel, Louis D. Brandeis, opted to argue that because of their bodily differences from males, women need “particular protection.”

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The Cuban Constitution of 1901

The Cuban Constitution of 1901

The Cuban Constitution of 1901
The Cuban Constitution of 1901

Christopher Columbus (c. 1451–1506), María Cristina of Spain (1858–1929), William McKinley (1843–1901), Leonard Wood (1860–1927), Orville Platt (1827–1905), Domingo Méndez Capote (1863–1934)

In October 1492, on his first journey, Christopher Columbus made landfall in what is now the Bahamas before advancing to claim what would become Cuba. Until 1898, when the USS Maine mysteriously exploded and drowned in Havana Harbor, Spain governed Cuba. Almost the whole crew was killed.

The episode pulled America, under President McKinley’s leadership, and Spain, under Queen Regent Mara Cristina’s administration, into the Spanish-American War, which was itself an extension of the Cuban War for Independence, in which the US had engaged on Cuba’s behalf. After Spain surrendered, American soldiers remained on the island under the direction of Military Governor Leonard Wood, assisting in the construction of fundamental infrastructure.

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The German Civil Code 1900 German empire

The German Civil Code 1900 German Empire

The German Civil Code 1900 German empire
Taking effect at the turn of the twentieth century, the civil code of Germany, Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, satisfied a long-held desire for legal uniformity in the German Empire.
The German Civil Code 1900 German empire

German Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, or German Civil Code, is a corpus of codified private law that came into force throughout the German empire in 1900. It is still in effect, notwithstanding the changes. The code arose from a desire for a truly national legislation that would supersede the frequently contradictory traditions and rules of Germany’s different areas.

The code is broken down into five sections. The first is a broad term that includes personal rights and legal personhood. Obligations, including notions of sale and contract; objects, including immovable and moveable property; domestic relations; and succession are the topics of the other four sections.

The gemeines Recht, or common law, was the notion of law represented in the code, which was based on the emperor Justinian’s 6th-century codification of Roman law. Some parts of Germanic tribal law impacted the code in family law and to some extent in property law.

Although feudal law had influenced customary law to some extent, it was again influenced by Roman law in the 15th century, when Roman law was imported into Germany in an attempt to organize traditions and legal structures. It supplanted custom in certain regions, especially where there was no conflict between the two; in others, Roman and customary law coexisted, with custom prevailing when irreconcilable disparities remained.

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Corporate Personhood and Liability 1897

Corporate Personhood and Liability 1897

Corporate Personhood and Liability 1897
Corporate Personhood and Liability 1897

Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Salomon v. A. Salomon & Co., Hardinge Stanley Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury (1823–1921)

The juridical entity, a body that exists solely because of the law, is one of the law’s numerous fictions. A corporation, for example, can negotiate, possess property, sue, and be sued purely on the basis of the legislation that constituted it. (In Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward, the Supreme Court declared that corporations had the same contract rights as natural individuals.)

Many firms functioned as partnerships prior to the formation of corporations. However, joint and several responsibility posed a problem: each member was responsible for the partnership’s whole debts and responsibilities, and the partnership may be held accountable for a partner’s personal debts.

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