California’s Anti-Okie Statute 1941

California’s Anti-Okie Statute 1941
California’s Anti-Okie Statute 1941

California’s Anti-Okie Statute 1941

Edwards v. California

Facts of the case
Anyone who knowingly assisted a pauper in entering the state of California was guilty of a misdemeanor during the Great Depression. Edwards, a Californian, drove to Texas and then back to California with his impoverished brother-in-law. Edwards was found guilty of breaking the state’s “Okie statute,” and was sentenced to six months in prison with a six-month suspension.

Question
Is the California statute in violation of the Commerce Clause of the US Constitution?

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Strict Products Liability 1941, Coca-Cola

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Strict Products Liability 1941, Coca-Cola

Strict Products Liability 1941, Coca-Cola

Escola v. Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Fresno

A brief summary of the facts. In Escola’s (Plaintiff’s) hand, a bottle of Coca-Cola from the Fresno Coca-Cola Bottling Co. (Defendant) exploded. Defendant was found to be entirely responsible.

A synopsis of the Rule of Law. When an article that a manufacturer has placed on the market with the knowledge that it will be used without examination proves to have a flaw that causes human injury, the manufacturer faces absolute culpability.

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The Alien Registration Act 1940

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The Alien Registration Act 1940

The Alien Registration Act 1940, often known as the Smith Act (18 USC 2385), was enacted in 1940.

Anyone who “knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing the Government of the United States or of any State by force or violence, or for anyone to organize any association which teaches, advises, or encourages such an overthrow, or for anyone to become a member of or affiliate with any such association” was charged under this act. It also compelled all non-citizen adult inhabitants to register with the government; the Act’s provisions resulted in 4,741,971 aliens registering within four months.

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Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939
Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

Militias and the Right to Bear Arms 1939

United States v. Miller

Facts of the case

When Jack Miller and Frank Layton transported a sawed-off double-barrel 12-gauge shotgun in interstate commerce, an Arkansas federal district court charged them with violating the National Firearms Act of 1934 (“NFA”). Miller and Layton claimed that the NFA infringed on their freedom to keep and bear arms under the Second Amendment. The case was dismissed by the district court.

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Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) applies to the majority of employers. It applies to government organizations and businesses that engage in interstate commerce or provide products and services to businesses. The FLSA establishes standards for employment status, child labor, minimum wage, overtime pay, and record-keeping. It determines who is exempt from the Act (and so not covered by it) and who is not (covered by the Act). When minors are allowed to work, it imposes wage and time limits. It establishes the minimum salary and specifies when overtime must be paid.

The United States Department of Labor is responsible for enforcing the Fair Labor Standards Act. Employers who violate the Act knowingly or repeatedly may face fines of up to $10,000 per infringement. Convictions for the second time might result in a fine of $10,000 and/or a 6-month sentence.

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Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 (APA) was enacted in 1938. Quality requirements for food, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, and cosmetics manufactured and sold in the United States were established by the law. The legislation also included provisions for government oversight and enforcement of these criteria. The Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, which was the first law to provide for federal control of the food and pharmaceutical sectors, was repealed by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938.

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Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938
Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

Rule 23 and Modern Class Action 1938

As Professor Yeazell has demonstrated, current Federal Rule 23 has a long history, but it is still a work in progress. Professor Rowe has described one of its “origins,” the aptly called “Bill of Peace.” My assignment is to look at the original form of Rule 23 as it appeared in the 1938 Federal Rules. That version of Rule 23 was in existence until 1966, when it was amended as part of a broad revision of the Federal Rules.

What are the Class Certification Requirements Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23? In a class action lawsuit, an attorney representing a named class of people sues on behalf of other people who may be harmed by the outcome of the case.

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