The Alien Registration Act 1940

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The Alien Registration Act 1940

The Alien Registration Act 1940, often known as the Smith Act (18 USC 2385), was enacted in 1940.

Anyone who “knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing the Government of the United States or of any State by force or violence, or for anyone to organize any association which teaches, advises, or encourages such an overthrow, or for anyone to become a member of or affiliate with any such association” was charged under this act. It also compelled all non-citizen adult inhabitants to register with the government; the Act’s provisions resulted in 4,741,971 aliens registering within four months.

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