The German Civil Code 1900 German Empire
German Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch, or German Civil Code, is a corpus of codified private law that came into force throughout the German empire in 1900. It is still in effect, notwithstanding the changes. The code arose from a desire for a truly national legislation that would supersede the frequently contradictory traditions and rules of Germany’s different areas.
The code is broken down into five sections. The first is a broad term that includes personal rights and legal personhood. Obligations, including notions of sale and contract; objects, including immovable and moveable property; domestic relations; and succession are the topics of the other four sections.
The gemeines Recht, or common law, was the notion of law represented in the code, which was based on the emperor Justinian’s 6th-century codification of Roman law. Some parts of Germanic tribal law impacted the code in family law and to some extent in property law.
Although feudal law had influenced customary law to some extent, it was again influenced by Roman law in the 15th century, when Roman law was imported into Germany in an attempt to organize traditions and legal structures. It supplanted custom in certain regions, especially where there was no conflict between the two; in others, Roman and customary law coexisted, with custom prevailing when irreconcilable disparities remained.