The U.S. Constitution 1787
The United States Constitution, which was written in 1787, passed in 1788, and has been in effect since 1789, is the world’s oldest surviving written charter of governance. Its opening three words, “We the People,” declare that the United States government exists to serve its citizens.
Article I, which establishes a Congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives, recognizes the people’s primacy via their chosen representatives. The Constitution’s placement of Congress at the start confirms its standing as the “First Branch” of the federal government.
Congress was given authority for establishing the executive and judicial departments, generating money, declaring war, and enacting any legislation necessary to carry out these duties, according to the Constitution.